1. Surgical Instruments are designed for general use, for specific procedures, or for precision use in microsurgery, ophthalmology, and ontology classified into
Cutting and Dissecting These instruments usually have sharp edges or tips to cut through skin, tissue, and suture material. Surgeons need to cut and dissect tissue to explore irregular growths and to remove dangerous or damaged tissue. These instruments have single or double razor-sharp edges or blades. Nurses and OR personnel need to be very careful to avoid injuries and regularly inspect these instruments before using, them for re-sharpening or replacement.
Clamping and Occluding Are used in many surgical procedures for compressing blood vessels or hollow organs, to prevent their contents from leaking. Occlude means to close or shut. Therefore, these instruments are also used to control bleeding. They are either straight, curved, or angled, and have a variety of inner jaw patterns. Hemostats and mosquito forceps are some examples of these types of instruments.
Retracting and Exposing These surgical instruments are used to hold back or retract organs and tissue, so the surgeon has access to the operative area. They spread open the skin, ribs, and other tissue; and are also used separate the edges of a surgical incision. Some retracting and exposing instruments are self-retaining, meaning they stay open on their own. Other manual styles need to be held open by hand.
Grasping and Holding These instruments, as their name suggests, are used to grasp and hold tissue or blood vessels that may be in the way during a surgical procedure. Medical assistants must make sure these instruments are working correctly, and that their locking mechanisms are lubricated for easy opening and closing, particularly after cleaning and reprocessing. Forceps are a very good example of these types of instruments.
Viewing (speculate, endoscopes), dilators/probes, suturing (needle holders), aspirating (suction tubes), and accessories (mallets, etc.).
2. Dental instruments are used to provide dental treatment, to examine, manipulate, treat, restore, and remove teeth and surrounding oral structures. List includes.
3. Veterinary Instruments typically include towel clamps, a scalpel handle (and blade), a needle driver, thumb forceps, suture scissors, tissue cutting scissors, and hemostatic forceps (usually some mosquito forceps, a few Crile forceps and maybe some Car-malt forceps).